Salmonellosis Watch: IA, KY, ME, MA, NY, UT
by Dan Nguyen
Disease forecaster Ascel Bio today is issuing an alert for Salmonellosis disease across the United States.
Warnings for Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, New York and Utah are issued as these states are seeing incidence rates above forecast, according to the most recent data from mid-November 2016.
Ascel Bio’s projections for these mentioned states continue to indicate an overall decreasing trend throughout the winter months. Iowa and Utah October levels were in range with our forecasts. Cases however have since almost quadrupled and surpassed our forecasts. In Kentucky, cases continue to be above our forecast high. Early November data showed cases declining. However, cases have recently surged upwards and exceeded a past October peak. In New York, previous reported observations showed cases to have plateaued and in range to our forecasts from late October to early November. Recent data however currently indicates cases exiting this plateau and exceeding our forecast high. Maine, Massachusetts case counts are currently in decline from a late October peak but continue to exceed our forecast highs.
Nationally, Ascel Bio is projecting a significant increase in Salmonellosis cases and demand for care in the coming months. Salmonellosis is caused by the bacteria called Salmonella. As temperatures increase, humid and warm conditions develop providing perfect conditions for the bacteria to grow and replicate. Salmonella lives in the intestinal tract of certain animals (birds, reptiles, amphibians) and humans. It is transmitted through contact with infected animals or ingesting contaminated foods or water. Salmonella causes fever, abdominal cramps, diarrhea (which may be bloody) with an incubation period of 12-72 hours after infection. The illness can last up to 8 days with severe cases requiring hospitalization due to invasive Salmonella spreading into the bloodstream. Attention and care should be taken with the elderly, infants and individuals who are immunocompromised. Preventative measures include practicing good hygiene, such as washing your hands, especially after touching animals, cleaning surfaces prior to food preparation and cooking foods thoroughly.
Dan Nguyen joined Ascel Bio as a DiseaseCast contributor in January 2016. He holds a B.S. in Health Sciences and is currently a Medical Assistant working in New York State. Dan brings a passionate interest in clinical best practices and global health care issues to his reportage on disease outbreaks.